University of Alberta


Literature Reviews

Nelson, P., N. Krogman, L. Johnston, and C. C. St. Clair. 2014. Dead Ducks and Dirty Oil: Media Representations and Environmental Solutions. Society & Natural Resources 28: 345-359.  [Contact for a pdf version of the published article.  Alternatively, a  pre-publication version is linked here: Nelson et al preprint 2014.]

Beck, E. J. E. G. Smits, and C. C. St. Clair. 2015. Evidence of low toxicity of oil sands process-affected water to birds invites re-evaluation of avian protection strategies Conservation Physiology 2015 3 (1): cov038 doi: 10.1093/conphys/cov038


Monitoring of Bird Landings and Mortality 

See Reports for Government at left


Field Experiments to Support Bird Protection

Beck, E. J. E. G. Smits, and C. C. St. Clair. 2014. Health of domestic mallards (Anas platyrhynchos domestica) following exposure to oil sands process-affected water. Environmental Science & Technology 48: 8847-8854.