University of Alberta


The Research on Avian Protection Project (RAPP) was a collaborative, multidisciplinary project with the purpose of increasing the protection of birds in the oil sands region of Alberta.


It was part of a creative sentence applied to Syncrude Canada for failing to deter migratory birds (Migratory Birds Convention Act) from landing on April 28, 2008 on a tailings pond containing hazardous substances (Alberta Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act).


The court order that created this project was issued by the Honorable Judge Ken Tjosvold on 23 October 2010. A synthesis of the work completed as part of this project is contained in the RAPP Final Report of 30 April 2014.


More information is available from Colleen Cassady St. Clair.

horned grebe with credit